Tuesday, May 30, 2023

Gender gaps have narrowed. But it isn’t over until equal pay is the norm

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By Ritu Mohanka, Managing Director, EMEA, Syndio

Simply rewarding men for being more confident in the workplace is inexcusable, Ritu Mohanka writes.

The gender pay gap has been a hot topic for far too long, with both companies and governments feeling the pressure to enforce plans to address disparities in pay. 

With change looking imminent, the latest figures show that the gender pay gap has narrowed from 11% in 2018 to 10.1% in 2023.

Many campaigners celebrate this progress as an indication that positive change is finally materialising with tangible figures to back it up.

Despite this optimism, a new PwC report has found that an 18-year-old woman entering the workforce today may still not see pay equality throughout her employment, suggesting that, in fact, there is still a lot of work to be done.

Are employers taking their foot off the gas? Potentially. 

We should talk about the Confidence Gap

Recent campaigning for pay and opportunity equity has focused a lot on structural barriers such as childcare costs, which, while a significant part of the problem, does create a risk that individual employers are starting to perceive the cause of the pay gap as something external and “out of their hands”.

This is wherein the problem lies. Yes, gender pay gaps have marginally narrowed, but pay equity has still not been achieved, and there is a lot employers can and need to do.

A less addressed equity issue can be recognised in the Confidence Gap. This refers to a disparity in salary resulting from the differing confidence levels of male and female employees — an issue which lies firmly in employers’ spheres of influence.

New UK data released by Syndio found that employers are not doing enough to address the Confidence Gap and the role it plays in hindering pay equity. 

The survey found that 69% of women feel anxiety or worry around negotiating pay, while nearly half of all men feel confident about it, with 16% of those men even seeing it as a positive boost to their self-perception. 

The top feelings for women when negotiating salary are a fear of being rejected (25%), lack of confidence (23%), and concern about being seen as “pushy” and risk damaging their career (21%).

Highest levels show significant disparities, too

The gender pay gap is largely caused by disparities at organisations’ highest levels and a lack of visibility for women in senior leadership teams. 

Men with higher incomes (those earning more than the UK average of £33,000) are more likely to be aware of their market value and to be prepared to negotiate. 

Meanwhile, women with higher incomes continue to follow the general trend of being overly concerned about negotiations. 

Ultimately, higher earners are more likely to demand and receive more.

When female employees are worried about navigating discussions about their salary within the workplace, it can lead to a range of negative outcomes, including reduced job satisfaction, resentment, lack of recognition and burnout. 

In turn, this detrimentally affects an organisation’s performance and ability to retain talent.

Transparency helps, but it isn’t a silver bullet

We know that pay transparency can help reduce pay disparities by making it easier for employers to compare their salaries. 

It also promotes fairness and equity by creating a culture of openness and trust within an organisation.

But while transparent companies will tend to be seen as making progress in closing the gender pay gap, the Confidence Gap will ensure the problem persists. 

Women are proven to be more likely to value themselves lower when entering the workplace, and the confidence gap prohibits them from reaching for the top of salary pay bandings and merited promotions that reflect the value they contribute to the workplace.

Simply rewarding men for being more confident in the workplace is inexcusable.

Businesses need to be accountable for addressing imbalances, looking at workplace equity more holistically and providing employees with the tools and opportunities to achieve their full value and potential.

How should we address pay imbalance?

For employers, alleviating the worries and stresses of employees means proving that fair pay and opportunities for all are embedded within the business — and shouting about it.

A system which leverages real-time company data is highly effective at any stage of your pay equity journey. 

You don’t need a polished data set, and simply starting to understand where gaps exist in how you pay and promote employees is worthwhile. 

A data-based approach also offers employees tangible evidence, beyond words, that demonstrates that they are valued and treated fairly, and that their employer is acting seriously.

_Ritu Mohanka is the Managing Director for Europe, Middle East and Africa at Syndio, a workplace equity platform.

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